My paper explores the underlying causes of the fact that international students, especially Chinese students in American colleges tend to commit more to unethical academic behavior such as cheating and plagiarism. The Neutralization Theory can help explain part of the issue. Due to lack of school support, international students find it easier apply some of the "neutralizing techniques" to help rationalize and justify certain unethical behavior, especially when they are confronted with tremendous challenges caused by language deficiencies. Consequently, the possibility of conducting unethical academic behavior is much higher among the group of international students. Nevertheless, my paper also argues that there is complexity in terms of the fact that Chinese students are more likely to conduct unethical academic behavior. The Neutralization Theory lacks cultural consideration in the way that there is a cultural identity separateness and different education systems in Asian societies. Both reasons force international students to have motives to cheat and plagiarize alleged in American colleges. Therefore, instead of relying on international students to help with funding, American colleges may reconsider the circumstances of international students and devote more resources to understand their culture in order to ensure them a smooth cultural transition process.
Brent, Edward, and Curtis Atkisson. "Accounting For Cheating: An Evolving Theory And Emergent Themes." Research In Higher Education 52.6 (2011): 640-658. Academic Search Premier. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.
Curasi, Carolyn F. "The Relative Influences Of Neutralizing Behavior And Subcultural Values On Academic Dishonesty." Journal Of Education For Business 88.3:167-175. (2013). Teacher Reference Center. Web. (Nov. 2015).
Douglass, John Aubrey. “International Berkeley: Enrolling International Students Yesterday and Today, Debates on the Benefits of Multicultural Diversity, and Macro Questions on Access and Equity.” Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.3.14. March, 2014. Web.
Fischer, K. “Colleges adapt to new kinds of students from abroad: Younger, sometimes less-experienced students require more academic and social support.” The Chronicle of Higher Education (2011). Web.
Lewin, T. “Taking more seats on campus, foreigners also pay the freight.” The New York Times. Feb, 2012. Web.
NAFSA: Association of International Educators. “The economic benefits of international students to the U.S. economy academic year 2011-2012.” (2012). Web.
Ota, Akiko, "Factors Influencing Social, Cultural, and Academic Transitions of Chinese International ESL Students in U.S. Higher Education." Dissertations and Thesis. Paper 1051. (2013). Web.
Rauhala, Emily, and Gu Yongqiang. "China's Big Test." Time 185.13 (2015): 36. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 16 Nov. 2015.
Reisberg, L. “Why do we want international students?” Inside Higher Ed. July, 2012. Web.
Sykes, G., & Matza, D. “Techniques of neutralization: A theory of delinquency.” American Sociological Review, 22, 664–670. (1957). Web.
Zhai, L. “Studying international students: Adjustment issues and social support. Journal of international agricultural and extension education.” 11(1), 98-104. (2004). Web.